15. Columbus Day –A Holiday to Remember an Explorer
Columbus Day is observed on the second Monday
October in the United States, and in some
countries around the world. For a long time
was observed on a specific date, October 12.
is named after Christopher Columbus, the Italian sailor
led three Spanish ships to claim new lands
1492. There is even a child's poem remembering
date. It reads, " In 1492, Columbus sailed
ocean blue". Some people say Columbus "discovered" North
, although not everyone agrees with this interpretation. For
, Columbus never landed on North America proper. He
got as far as to the islands in
Columbus Day has been a federal
since 1937; government offices, schools, and post offices
closed. Many Italians take the day as a
to celebrate their own ethnic heritage since Columbus
born in Genoa, Italy. Columbus's explorations, however, were
in the name of Spain. Major cities, like
York City and San Francisco, host large parades.
cities, like New York City, also hold a
celebrating the Hispanic or Latino community.
Christopher Columbus should be honored. Some states like
Dakota do not observe the holiday at all.
they call the day Native American Day or
Peoples Day. In Hawaii the holiday is also
as Landing Day or Discoverer's Day. This is
European arrival in North America meant the loss
land and lives for many Native people. Many
hold protests or vigils on this day to
the Native Americans that were killed or enslaved
a result of the European arrival. Another name
the holiday is "Dia de la Raza" which
into English as Day of the Race.